The late fall operation ripped to a depth of 10 or 24 inches with " wide shanks with an attached rotary subsoil spreader spaced 12 or 20 feet apart. Ripping significantly improved water infiltration into the soil to a depth of 6 feet as far as 3 feet down slope from the ripped channels. Generally speaking, grain yield was reduced in the row most disturbed where the ripping occurred , but grain yield increased in the adjacent rows.
On a whole-plot basis, there were no differences in grain yield between ripped and control treatments in either year of the study. Ripping significantly reduced soil loss throughout the winter compared to control treatments where no ripping was done. Tilled or ripped channels generally stopped rills. Rate of soil loss in ripped plots, low throughout the winter, had increased by early spring, perhaps because the surface soil was saturated and tillage channels had filled with sediment by this time. Concentration camps my late great uncle had an experience of this , hangings, traitors, searches in houses, independence.
As with Cyprus, the heroes are about to experience independence. Prosperity and eternal peace? Or is this independence only an idealised dream.
In Cyprus it was indeed a dream that lasted 3 years the year when Kenya was gaining her independence we realised that independence has to be maintained. I can't say what this upcoming independence will bring to Kenya possible spoilers but it's certainly not an idealised dream. In this political novel we see a group of people waiting for Uhuru Freedom in Swahili - Independence day and we travel through their memories in the past during the uprisings, and we see their experiences, their mistakes, their history, and through their eyes we see Kenya's history as a whole.
Even though not an easy novel especially for those who prefer straightforward narratives it's not hard either and it's rewarding. Firstly because you get to know Kenya's history and culture, myths and realities, and secondly you are able to see the humanity in the black "savage" and the inhumanity in the white "cultured" man. The irony is that by using Kikuyu a native language of Kenya in a play instead of English, he was detained by those lauded heroes who were fighting the British for Kenyan Independence from the British Imperialism and the Colonial language English I'm interested in reading more by him.
View all 4 comments. Aug 07, Lisa rated it really liked it Shelves: Uhuru is a Swahili word that means freedom. It is a rallying cry for freedom fighters and the name given to the day when Kenya became an independent country in Viewed from a distance of years and oceans, the lead-up to independence and ultimate triumph over the colonialists is unequivocally a time of celebration for Kenyans. Thiong'o dashes this picture Uhuru is a Swahili word that means freedom. Thiong'o dashes this picturesque vision with images of grief-stricken mothers, of relationships thwarted by war and women selling their bodies for the price of a loaf of bread, of the weight of betrayal wrung by the instinct of self-preservation and the gulf that can open between two people caught in the cyclone of events whirling during the Emergency years.
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Even heroes have their secrets, and the resolve of the strong can be weakened in manifold ways. In the honest words of one freedom fighter, "Many of us talked like that because we wanted to deceive ourselves. It lessens your shame. We talked of loyalty to the movement and the love of our country. You know a time came when I did not care about Uhuru for the country any more.
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I just wanted to come home. And I would have sold Kenya to the whiteman to buy my own freedom. Thiong'o constructs his story slowly, weaving back and forth through different storylines, visiting different time periods and peopling different huts. The momentum builds as the day of Uhuru dawns and the murky events of the preceding years are gradually drawn into sharper focus, with all the suspense of a thriller that is magnificently captured by a long-distance race on the morning of Independence.
There is a cloud that hangs over the novel, one that has yet to dissipate in the intervening decades. The men who turned their backs on the movement to lick the heels of the whiteman were not brought to justice, but were the first to benefit from a Kenya owned by the black man. If I speak in black-and-white terms, it is to match Thiong'o's own unflinchingly caustic portrayal of all the white colonialists that pass through his pages. I have not done the research myself, but the ongoing political corruption that plagues Kenya stands to back his claims, and casts another shadow on the celebrations that should accompany the freedom of any nation.
A Grain of Wheat was of biting relevance at the time of its publication in , and the questions it provokes resonate up to the present time. What is Uhuru, and did Thiong'o's characters truly attain it? Is Kenya a free and independent nation?
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Lo tengo que dejar reposar. De todos modos es desgarradora. A Grain of Wheat is a novel about the inhabitants of a village in Kenya in in the last few days before the celebrations for Uhuru — that is, Kenyan independence. And it seems like an odd thing to do, to me. But there you go. Rejecting the colonial language has obvious political and social significance, but to switch from a language with hundreds of millions of speakers to one which is a minority language even in Kenya is still a striking decision.
The characters in the book are all dealing with the aftermath of the Mau Mau rebellion, having lost family members or having suffered detention, forced labour and torture. Some of them worked for the British; others fought them. A man returns to his wife after years away in prison to find she has had a baby by another man. No one is left untouched. All this is told in flashback, so we gradually learn how characters became the way they are. A war of independence against a colonial power is I suppose a peculiar kind of civil war, and it tears apart the fabric of the country in a similar way. Aug 09, Marcy rated it it was amazing.
Ngugi is one of my favorite authors. This novel is a stunning portrayal of British colonialism in Kenya in the lead up to Independence. What is most powerful is the narration that focuses on several characters through flashbacks about their relation to the British and to the Mau Mau resistance fighters.
I especially love the way Ngugi portrays how many of these characters internalize colonialism and shows the damaging consequences of this not only on a personal level, but also on a communal one. The novel is absolutely extraordinary. Aug 15, Thais Serrette added it. The book continuously and unexpectedly went into flashback and it left me a bit confused, even though i do see this as one of the author's techniques and styles, I personally found it difficult to understand.
I however have so much for Kenya and their struggle for independence and the trials and tribulations they went through, whether it be betrayal by their own people or by the British. It clearly depicted and painted a picture as to i found this book a little difficult to grasp and understand. It clearly depicted and painted a picture as to how the struggle for independence were for the Kenyans. I though that however there were too many characters and it got me mixed up and confused a couple of times.
But i eventually got the concept of the book and began to understand the story line and got accustom to the author's style and technique. I found that the use of Biblical references was a really nice touch to the book, and emphasized on the religious faith of the Kenyans that they one day will have freedom. A challenging book, but nonetheless an inspiring and moving book. May 30, J. I am no expert on African literature--or any literature for that matter--and bought this as a blind buy at my local, pure and simple.
In fact, I probably bought it on the basis of his name, shallow, yes, but it's served me well in the past: Ngugi's novel is a story of the last few days before Kenya became independent.
The numerous characters have colliding and intersecting storylines that weave in and out of the themes of desperation, betray Astonishingly good. The numerous characters have colliding and intersecting storylines that weave in and out of the themes of desperation, betrayal, dissatisfaction and, ultimately, failure. Stupid white colonials and black freedom-fighters alike take pause to sit back and wonder, what the hell did we just do?
Very bleak and dark. The structure is what won me over. I'm not a huge fan of nested stories--narratives breaking off into plot after plot--but Ngugi does this with such grace and darkness that you don't even really notice until 40 pages later when it returns to the original conversation. Time is smeared in this novel, paean to a period when much was uncertain, except for one thing: Sep 01, Michael rated it it was amazing Shelves: I used to assign this book to high school students.
The Mau Mau rebellion and the emergency are exciting to history students, I think. When you think of all the similar stories of a colonial policy of concentration camps during a rebellion, the US in Vietnam and the Philippines, the Germans in South West Africa, the French in Algeria, the British in Malaysia and so on, this book is as relevant as anything to world history.
Also it might be the single best piece of art about those experiences po I used to assign this book to high school students. Also it might be the single best piece of art about those experiences possibly Battle of Algiers rates along with it. The other great thing is that it takes place after the uprising once the British are leaving, when the telling of the story and the claim to hero status are as important as the truth of what happened.
This makes it doubly interesting to students of history, as it explores the foundation myths of a nation. This is one of my favorite books. In general if you ever go to Kenya or East Africa at all, please read it. An impressive novel that takes a bit of concentration to figure out the various characters and changes in the time of the event.
The story of the years leading up to Kenya's independence is told through a set of characters who represent the oppressor, the freedom fighter, the unwitting hero, and those who were traitors. The author showed the impact of the fight for independence on all of these characters and also of the communities they lived in. Written in only three years after independence, t An impressive novel that takes a bit of concentration to figure out the various characters and changes in the time of the event.
A Grain of Wheat by Ngũgĩ wa Thiong'o
Written in only three years after independence, the author also told of the greed of the whites would be replaced by the greed of those who replaced them and while the book ended in a small piece of hope it also ended with many unanswered questions on the future. A story of Kenyan independence and the toll the preceding struggle took on people. Well, this is embarrassing--I don't know what to rate this. Based on the first couple pages I'd pegged it as a slog, and not expecting to enjoy it but feeling I should read it anyway for my world fiction challenge, read nearly half the book in a crowded place with divided attention.
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Turns out this is a complex story with a lot of names many of them similar , a lot of jumping back and forth between past and present A story of Kenyan independence and the toll the preceding struggle took on people. Turns out this is a complex story with a lot of names many of them similar , a lot of jumping back and forth between past and present, a lot of connections between the characters that come clear only as the story goes on. In other words, a story that requires more attention than I gave it. The second half was quite good, though not so much that I wanted to read the first half all over again.
That decision may also have been influenced by the Smurfette Principle I am so over books that among several main characters have only one female, and she there because she's related to or a love interest of the guys, none of whom are related to each other. The backstory and hidden connections unfold nicely, and for a book written right after independence the book foreshadows later problems with corruption and failed government promises surprisingly well.
If you decide to read this I'd advise finding an edition other than Heinemann's, which is ridiculously typo-ridden. The "day of reckoned" is my favorite.
I know foreign literature doesn't make a lot of money, but seriously, if you're going to publish something can't you handle it with at least minimum competence? Jul 13, Neil rated it it was amazing. This is an absolutely brilliant piece of literature describing life in a Kenyan village in the aftermath of the war with Britain in the s, where each villager has their own secret about their actions during the violence, slowly tearing everyone apart.
Despite the grim premise, I really enjoyed reading this and got a insight into the life of people in a very different world. Will make you want to go to Kenya.. Salvo el tema religioso donde si se asienta claramente su postura de desacuerdo. Oct 17, Amari rated it it was amazing. The characters are sharply drawn and the plot is indisputably powerful. Perhaps I'm oversimplifying something that I don't understand fully, but I would say that the thrust of Ngugi's argument is that the political situation A masterpiece.
Perhaps I'm oversimplifying something that I don't understand fully, but I would say that the thrust of Ngugi's argument is that the political situation during the Kenyan rebellion against the UK destroyed all individuals involved, to greater or lesser extent, and that though some of the choices people made may seem reprehensible, they all had their root in some combination of the hope, selfishness, love, fear, and courage that we all harbor just beneath the surface. I've discovered that I'm strongly drawn to literature examining important historical moments from the point of view of fictional characters, and I'm a strong believer that in impossibly inhumane situations like this one, almost any personal choice or action is in fact a forced one, a reaction -- and, as such, can be forgiven or pardoned on some level if not condoned.
Today, in fact, I came across a question that Tzvetan Todorov asks in a book of his: Though Ngugi presents us with some confusing moments, every page of the book is absorbing and dramatic, full of a certain tension -- rather surprisingly -- a la Camus. Retrieved from " https: Articles needing additional references from October All articles needing additional references Pages to import images to Wikidata All stub articles.